Right to Equality
Right to Equality states and gives the below rights to each person without any discrimination:-
- Equality before Law.
- Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.
- Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
- Abolition of Untouchability.
- Abolition of Titles.
Equality before law.
According to Article 14 the State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.
Every person is equal before law.
No rich person, no more educated person can claim better privileges before the law. The rich, the poor, the educated, the uneducated, caste nothing makes any one different before law.
Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.
According to Article 15. (1) The State shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, and place of birth or any of them.
(2) No citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them, be subject to any disability, liability, restriction or condition with regard to :
(a) Access to shops, public restaurants, hotels and places of public entertainment; or the use of wells, tanks, bathing Ghats, roads and places of public resort maintained wholly or partly out of State funds or dedicated to the use of the general public.
(3) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any special provision for women and children.
(4) Nothing in this article or in clause (2) of article 29 shall prevent the State from making any special provision for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.
Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
According to Article 16 there shall be equality of opportunity for all citizens in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office under the State.
No citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, place of birth, residence or any of them, be ineligible for, or discriminated against in respect of, any employment or office under the State.
The Parliament and State can always make provision for reservation for certain classes or backward citizens in the employment sector and nothing in this article shall prevent such provisions.
Nothing in this article shall affect the operation of any law which provides that the incumbent of an office in connection with the affairs of any religious or denominational institution or any member of the governing body thereof shall be a person professing a particular religion or belonging to a particular denomination.
Abolition of Untouchability
According to Article 17 “Untouchability’’ is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden. The enforcement of any disability arising out of “Untouchability’’ shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law.
It is a sad situation but even today in some parts of India certain people are considered untouchables or low because of their caste or some other reasons and they are prohibited from public places.
Abolition of titles
According to Article 18 No title, not being a military or academic distinction shall be conferred by the State.
(2) No citizen of India shall accept any title from any foreign State.
(3) No person who is not a citizen of India shall, while he holds any office of profit or trust under the State, accept without the consent of the President any title from any foreign State.
(4) No person holding any office of profit or trust under the State shall, without the consent of the President, accept any present, emolument, or office of any kind from or under any foreign State.
So we as Indians should be proud that our constitution as provided everyone Equality in every way.
Let us be empowered with this knowledge.
Know the law. Know your rights.
Adv Kiran T K